10-Q 1 f10q0319_pingtanmarine.htm QUARTERLY REPORT

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from __________ to __________

 

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 001-35192

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Cayman Islands   N/A
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation of organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

18-19/F, Zhongshan Building A,

No. 154 Hudong Road

Fuzhou, China 350001

(Address of Principal Executive Office) (Zip Code)

 

(86) 591-8727-1266

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Ordinary Shares, $0.001 par value   PME   The NASDAQ Capital Market

 

As of May 9, 2019, the outstanding number of shares of the registrant’s ordinary shares, par value $0.001 per share, was 79,055,053.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD.

FORM 10-Q

March 31, 2019

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page No.
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
   
Item 1. Financial Statements 1
  Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2019 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2018 1
  Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 2
  Unaudited Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 3
  Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 4
  Condensed Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements 5
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 27
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 40
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 42
     
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 43
Item 1A. Risk Factors 43
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 43
Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities 43
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 43
Item 5. Other Information 43
Item 6. Exhibits 44

 

i

 

 

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This report contains forward-looking statements regarding our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates” and similar expressions or variations of such words are intended to identify forward-looking statements, but are not deemed to represent an all-inclusive means of identifying forward-looking statements as denoted in this report. Additionally, statements concerning future matters are forward-looking statements.

 

Although forward-looking statements in this report reflect the good faith judgment of our management, such statements can only be based on facts and factors currently known by us. Consequently, forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties and actual results and outcomes may differ materially from the results and outcomes discussed in or anticipated by the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences in results and outcomes include, without limitation, anticipated growth and growth strategies; need for additional capital and the availability of financing; operational, mechanical, climatic or other unanticipated issues that adversely affect the production capacity of the Company’s vessels; delays in deploying vessels; our ability to successfully manage relationships with customers, distributors and other important relationships; technological changes; competition; demand for our products and services; the deterioration of general economic conditions, whether internationally, nationally or in the local markets in which we operate; legislative or regulatory changes that may adversely affect our business; and those specifically addressed under the headings “Risks Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our annual report on Form 10-K, in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this Form 10-Q and information contained in other reports that we file with the SEC. You are urged not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report.

 

We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements in order to reflect any event or circumstance that may arise after the date of this report, except as required by law. Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made throughout the entirety of this quarterly report, which are designed to advise interested parties of the risks and factors that may affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

 

Unless otherwise indicated, references in this report to “we,” “us” or the “Company” refer to Pingtan Marine Enterprise Ltd. and its subsidiaries.

 

ii

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.Financial Statements.

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)

 

   March 31,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
   (Unaudited)     
ASSETS        
CURRENT ASSETS:        
Cash  $76,893,321   $1,966,855 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts   7,245,164    6,307,492 
Inventories, net of reserve for inventories   10,246,664    5,840,207 
Prepaid expenses   452,875    644,824 
Other receivables   4,483,481    698,450 
           
Total Current Assets   99,321,505    15,457,828 
           
OTHER ASSETS:          
Cost method investment   3,118,735    3,059,797 
Equity method investment   29,317,825    28,872,521 
Right-of-use asset   690,793    - 
Property, plant and equipment, net   200,950,673    199,571,425 
           
Total Other Assets   234,078,026    231,503,743 
           
Total Assets  $333,399,531   $246,961,571 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
           
CURRENT LIABILITIES:          
Accounts payable  $20,895,978   $30,642,125 
Accounts payable - related parties   2,988,073    3,244,843 
Short-term bank loans   5,169,335    5,085,139 
Long-term bank loans - current portion   21,088,587    8,487,295 
Accrued liabilities and other payables   7,224,298    6,058,548 
Lease liability   690,750    - 
Due to related parties   30,292,800    19,555,277 
           
Total Current Liabilities   88,349,821    73,073,227 
           
OTHER LIABILITIES:          
Long-term bank loans - non-current portion   92,559,590    22,329,234 
           
Total Liabilities   180,909,411    95,402,461 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES          
           
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:          
Equity attributable to owners of the company:          
Ordinary shares ($0.001 par value; 225,000,000 shares authorized; 79,055,053 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018)   79,055    79,055 
Additional paid-in capital   81,682,599    81,682,599 
Retained earnings   47,705,830    49,593,069 
Statutory reserve   14,760,112    14,760,112 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (10,754,775)   (13,448,047)
Total equity attributable to owners of the company   133,472,821    132,666,788 
Non-controlling interest   19,017,299    18,892,322 
           
Total Shareholders’ Equity   152,490,120    151,559,110 
           
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity  $333,399,531   $246,961,571 

 

See condensed notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

1

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)

 

   For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018 
         
REVENUE  $18,424,209   $10,884,268 
           
COST OF REVENUE   14,343,558    5,283,716 
           
GROSS PROFIT   4,080,651    5,600,552 
           
OPERATING EXPENSES:          
Selling   709,929    481,451 
General and administrative   3,595,390    1,559,597 
General and administrative - depreciation   1,222,161    1,566,019 
Grant income   -    (1,052,112)
Loss on fixed assets disposal   -    2,181,455 
           
Total Operating Expenses   5,527,480    4,736,410 
           
(LOSS) PROFIT FROM OPERATIONS   (1,446,829)   864,142 
           
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):          
Interest income   2,516    19,764 
Interest expense   (529,165)   (462,259)
Foreign currency transaction gain   90,084    573,992 
Loss on equity method investment   (110,616)   (10,951)
Other income   25,671    - 
           
Total Other (Expense) Income, net   (521,510)   120,546 
           
(LOSS) INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES   (1,968,339)   984,688 
           
INCOME TAXES   -    - 
           
NET (LOSS) INCOME  $(1,968,339)  $984,688 
           
LESS: NET (LOSS) INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE NON-CONTROLLING INTEREST   (81,100)   112,395 
           
NET (LOSS) INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO OWNERS OF THE COMPANY  $(1,887,239)  $872,293 
           
COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME:          
NET (LOSS) INCOME   (1,968,339)   984,688 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE GAIN          
Unrealized foreign currency translation gain   2,899,349    5,603,908 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME  $931,010   $6,588,596 
LESS: COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE NON-CONTROLLING INTEREST   124,977    560,609 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO OWNERS OF THE COMPANY  $806,033   $6,027,987 
           
NET (LOSS) INCOME PER ORDINARY SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO OWNERS OF THE COMPANY          
Basic and diluted  $(0.02)  $0.01 
           
WEIGHTED AVERAGE ORDINARY SHARES OUTSTANDING:          
Basic and diluted   79,055,053    79,055,053 

 

See condensed notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

2

 

  

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2018 AND 2019

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)

 

   Equity Attributable To Owners of The Company         
   Ordinary Shares   Additional           Accumulated Other   Non-   Total 
   Number of       Paid-in   Retained   Statutory   Comprehensive   controlling   Shareholders’ 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Earnings   Reserve   Loss   Interest   Equity 
                                 
Balance, December 31, 2017   79,055,053   $79,055   $81,682,599   $40,349,189   $12,978,343   $(5,731,889)  $18,147,859   $147,505,156 
                                         
Net income   -    -    -    872,293    -    -    112,395    984,688 
                                         
Dividend declared   -    -    -    (790,551)   -    -    -    (790,551)
                                         
Foreign currency translation adjustment   -    -    -    -    -    5,155,694    448,214    5,603,908 
                                         
Balance, March 31, 2018 (Unaudited)   79,055,053   $79,055   $81,682,599   $40,430,931   $12,978,343   $(576,195)  $18,708,468   $153,303,201 
                                         
Balance, December 31, 2018   79,055,053   $79,055   $81,682,599   $49,593,069   $14,760,112   $(13,448,047)  $18,892,322   $151,559,110 
                                         
Net loss   -    -    -    (1,887,239)   -    -    (81,100)   (1,968,339)
                                         
Dividend declared   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
                                         
Foreign currency translation adjustment   -    -    -    -    -    2,693,272    206,077    2,899,349 
                                         
Balance, March 31, 2019(Unaudited)   79,055,053   $79,055   $81,682,599   $47,705,830   $14,760,112   $(10,754,775)  $19,017,299   $152,490,120 

 

See condensed notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)

 

   For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018 
         
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:        
Net (loss) income  $(1,968,339)  $984,688 
Adjustments to reconcile net income from operations to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Depreciation   2,740,118    2,433,126 
Increase in allowance for doubtful accounts   -    168,945 
Decrease in reserve for inventories   213,454    64,468 
Loss on equity method investment   110,616    10,951 
Loss on disposal of fixed assets   -    2,181,455 
Impairment loss of fishing vessels   2,229,502    - 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (814,569)   206,838 
Inventories   (4,498,954)   (1,795,329)
Prepaid expenses   391,018    113,507 
Other receivables   592,037    (125,770)
Accounts payable   5,444,714    3,008,880 
Accounts payable - related parties   (318,642)   (595,916)
Advance from customers   96,342    - 
Accrued liabilities and other payables   950,819    (1,200,760)
Accrued liabilities and other payables - related party   (1,290)   (38,208)
Due to related parties   5,223,359    (497,164)
           
NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES   10,390,185    4,919,711 
           
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:          
Purchase of property, plant and equipment   (21,353,232)   - 
Payments made for acquisition of fishing vessels from related party   2,159,246    - 
Deposit for purchase of land use right   (4,357,621)   - 
           
NET CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES   (23,551,607)   - 
           
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:          
Repayments of short-term bank loans   -    (5,000,000)
Proceeds from long-term bank loans   83,002,312    - 
Repayments of long-term bank loans   (926,365)   - 
Advances from related parties   5,534,231    1,847,136 
Payments made for dividend   -    (790,551)
           
NET CASH PROVIDED (USED IN) BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES   87,610,178    (3,943,415)
           
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE ON CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS   477,710    (204,936)
           
NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS   74,926,466    771,360 
           
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS - beginning of period   1,966,855    3,826,727 
           
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS - end of period  $76,893,321   $4,598,087 
           
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:          
Cash paid for:          
Interest  $1,286,302   $424,054 
Income taxes  $-   $- 
           
RECONCILIATION TO AMOUNTS ON CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS:          
Cash and cash equivalents   76,893,321    3,818,837 
Restricted cash   -    779,250 
TOTAL CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH  $76,893,321   $4,598,087 
           
NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:          
Property and equipment acquired on credit as payable  $10,111,168   $- 

  

See condensed notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

  

NOTE 1 – DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND ORGANIZATION

 

Pingtan Marine Enterprise Ltd. (the “Company” or “PME”), formerly China Growth Equity Investment Limited (“CGEI”), incorporated in the Cayman Islands as an exempted limited liability company, was incorporated as a blank check company on January 18, 2010 with the purpose of directly or indirectly acquiring, through a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, plan of arrangement, recapitalization, reorganization or similar business combination, an operating business, or control of such operating business through contractual arrangements, that has its principal business and/or material operations located in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”). In connection with its initial business combination, in February 2013, CGEI changed its name to Pingtan Marine Enterprise Ltd. 

 

On October 24, 2012, CGEI and China Dredging Group Co., Ltd (“CDGC” or “China Dredging”) entered into a Merger Agreement providing for the combination of CGEI and CDGC and on October 24, 2012, CGEI also acquired all of the outstanding capital shares and other equity interests of Merchant Supreme Co., Ltd. (“Merchant Supreme”), a company incorporated on June 25, 2012, in British Virgin Islands (“BVI”), as per a Share Purchase Agreement.  On February 25, 2013, the merger between the Company, CDGC and Merchant Supreme became effective and has been accounted for as a “reverse merger” and recapitalization since the common shareholders of CDGC and Merchant Supreme (i) owned a majority of the outstanding ordinary shares of the Company immediately following the completion of the transaction, and (ii) have significant influence and the ability to elect or appoint or to remove a majority of the members of the governing body of the combined entity. In accordance with the provision of Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 805-40, CDGC and Merchant Supreme are deemed the accounting acquirers and the Company is the legal acquirer in the transaction and, consequently, the transaction is treated as a recapitalization of the Company. Accordingly, the assets and liabilities and the historical operations that are reflected in the consolidated financial statements are those of CDGC, Merchant Supreme and their subsidiaries and are recorded at the historical cost basis. The Company’s assets, liabilities and results of operations were consolidated with the assets, liabilities and results of operations of CDGC, Merchant Supreme and their subsidiaries subsequent to the acquisition date of February 25, 2013. Following the completion of the business combination which became effective on February 25, 2013, CDGC and Merchant Supreme became the wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company. The ordinary shares, par value $0.001 per share are listed on The NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “PME”.

 

In order to place increased focus on fishing business and pursue more effective growth opportunities, the Company decided to exit and sell the specialized dredging services operated by China Dredging; the Company completed the sale of CDGC and its subsidiaries on December 4, 2013.

 

On February 9, 2015, the Company terminated its existing Variable Interest Entity (“VIE”) agreements, pursuant to an Agreement of Termination dated February 9, 2015, entered into by and among Ms. Honghong Zhuo, Mr. Zhiyan Lin (each a shareholder of Fujian Provincial Pingtan County Ocean Fishing Group Co., Ltd (“Pingtan Fishing”), together the “Pingtan Fishing’s Shareholders”), Pingtan Fishing and Pingtan Guansheng Ocean Fishing Co., Ltd. (“Pingtan Guansheng”). On February 9, 2015, the Pingtan Fishing’s Shareholders transferred 100% of their equity interest in Pingtan Fishing to Fujian Heyue Marine Fishing Development Co., Ltd. (“Fujian Heyue”), pursuant to an Equity Transfer Agreement dated February 9, 2015, entered into by and among the Pingtan Fishing’s Shareholders, Pingtan Fishing and Fujian Heyue. On February 15, 2015, China Agriculture Industry Development Fund Co., Ltd. (“China Agriculture”) invested RMB 400 million (approximately $65 million) into Pingtan Fishing for an 8% equity interest in Pingtan Fishing. After the restructuring transactions described above, Pingtan Fishing and its entities became the 92% equity-owned subsidiaries of the Company and was no longer a VIE. 

 

5

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 1 – DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND ORGANIZATION (continued)

 

Details of the Company’s subsidiaries which are included in these consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2019 are as follows:

 

Name of subsidiaries   Place and
date of
incorporation
  Percentage of
ownership
  Principal activities
Merchant Supreme Co., Ltd.
(Merchant Supreme”)
  BVI,
June 25, 2012
  100% held by PME   Intermediate holding company
             
Prime Cheer Corporation Ltd.
(“Prime Cheer”)
  Hong Kong,
May 3, 2012
  100% held by Merchant Supreme   Intermediate holding company
             
Pingtan Guansheng Ocean Fishing Co., Ltd. (“Pingtan Guansheng”)   PRC,
October 12, 2012
  100% held by Prime Cheer   Intermediate holding company
             
Fujian Heyue Marine Fishing Development Co., Ltd.
(“Fujian Heyue”)
  PRC,
January 27, 2015
  100% held by Pingtan Guansheng   Intermediate holding company
             
Fujian Provincial Pingtan County Fishing Group Co., Ltd.
(“Pingtan Fishing”)
  PRC,
February 27, 1998
  92% held by Fujian Heyue   Oceanic fishing
             
Pingtan Dingxin Fishing Information Consulting Co., Ltd.
(“Pingtan Dingxin”)
  PRC,
October 23, 2012
  100% held by Pingtan Fishing   Dormant
             
Pingtan Duoying Fishing Information Consulting Co., Ltd.
(“Pingtan Duoying”)
  PRC,
October 23, 2012
  100% held by Pingtan Fishing   Dormant
             
 Pingtan Ruiying Fishing Information Consulting Co., Ltd.
(“Pingtan Ruiying”)
  PRC,
October 23, 2012
  100% held by Pingtan Fishing   Dormant
             
Pingtan Yikang Global Fishery Co.,Ltd.
(“Yikang Fishery”)
  PRC,
September 14, 2017
  100% held by Pingtan Fishing   Dormant
             
Pingtan Shinsilkroad Fishery Co., Ltd.
(“Shinsilkroad Fishery”)
  PRC,
September 14, 2017
  100% held by Pingtan Fishing   Dormant
             
Fuzhou Howcious Investment Co., Ltd
(“Howcious Investment”)
  PRC,
September 5, 2017
  100% held by Pingtan Fishing   Dormant
             
Fuzhou Howcious Restaurant Management Co., Ltd
(“Howcious Restaurant Management”)
  PRC,
August 16, 2017
  100% held by Pingtan Fishing   Dormant
             
Pingtan Ocean Fishery Co., Ltd
(“Ocean Fishery”)
  PRC,
July 21, 2017
  100% held by Pingtan Fishing   Dormant

 

Fujian Heyue, through its PRC subsidiary, Pingtan Fishing, engages in ocean fishing with its owned and controlled vessels within the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone, the international waters and Arafura Sea of Indonesia.

 

The Company meets its day-to-day working capital requirements through cash flow provided by operations, bank loans and related parties’ advances. The Indonesian government’s moratorium on fishing licenses renewals creates uncertainty over fishing operations in Indonesian waters. The Company’s forecasts and projections, taking into account operations in Indian waters and international waters and consideration of opportunities in new fishing territories, shows that the Company has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future.

 

6

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of presentation 

 

These interim consolidated financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries are unaudited. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) and disclosures necessary for a fair presentation of these interim consolidated financial statements have been included. The results reported in the unaudited consolidated financial statements for any interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be reported for the entire year. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and do not include all information and footnotes necessary for a complete presentation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”). 

 

The Company’s unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.  

 

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. These unaudited financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 15, 2019. 

 

Use of estimates 

 

The preparation of the unaudited consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, and the related disclosures at the date of the financial statements and during the reporting period. Actual results could materially differ from these estimates. Significant estimates in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 include allowance for doubtful accounts, reserve for inventories, the useful life of property, plant and equipment, assumptions used in assessing impairment of long-term assets and valuation of deferred tax assets and accruals for taxes due.  

 

Cash 

 

Cash consists of cash on hand and cash in banks. The Company maintains cash with various financial institutions in the PRC and Hong Kong and none of these deposits are covered by insurance. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, cash balances in the PRC are $76,461,429 and $1,957,605, respectively, and cash balances in Hong Kong are $431,892 and $9,250, respectively, and are uninsured. The Company has not experienced any losses in bank accounts and believes it is not exposed to any risks on its cash in bank accounts. 

 

7

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Fair value of financial instruments 

 

The Company adopted the guidance of ASC Topic 820 for fair value measurements which clarifies the definition of fair value, prescribes methods for measuring fair value, and establishes a fair value hierarchy to classify the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: 

 

Level 1-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities available at the measurement date. 

 

Level 2-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable, and inputs derived from or corroborated by observable market data. 

 

Level 3-Inputs are unobservable inputs which reflect the reporting entity’s own assumptions on what assumptions the market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best available information. 

 

The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for cash, accounts receivable, inventories, advances to suppliers, prepaid expenses, prepaid expenses – related party, other receivables, other receivables – related party, accounts payable, accounts payable – related parties, bank loans, accrued liabilities and other payables, accrued liabilities and other payables – related party, and due to related parties approximate their fair market value based on the short-term maturity of these instruments. As of March 31, 2019, the Company does not have any assets or liabilities that are measured on a recurring basis at fair value. The Company’s short-term bank borrowings that are considered Level 2 financial instruments measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis as of March 31, 2019. As of March 31, 2019, the Company does not have any Level 3 financial instruments. 

 

8

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Fair value of financial instruments (continued)

 

ASC Topic 825-10 “Financial Instruments” allows entities to voluntarily choose to measure certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value (fair value option). The fair value option may be elected on an instrument-by-instrument basis and is irrevocable, unless a new election date occurs. If the fair value option is elected for an instrument, unrealized gains and losses for that instrument should be reported in earnings at each subsequent reporting date. The Company did not elect to apply the fair value option to any outstanding instruments.

 

Accounts receivable

 

Accounts receivable are presented net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses. The Company reviews the accounts receivable on a periodic basis and makes general and specific allowance when there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balances. In evaluating the collectability of individual receivable balance, the Company considers many factors, including the age of the balance, a customer’s historical payment history, its current credit-worthiness and current economic trends. Accounts are written off after exhaustive efforts at collection. The Company only grants credit terms to established customers who are deemed to be financially responsible. Credit periods to customers are within 180 days after customers received the purchased goods. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company has determined not to establish an allowance for doubtful accounts based on a review of its outstanding balances.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories, consisting of frozen fish and marine catches, are stated at the lower of cost or market utilizing the weighted average method. The cost of inventories is primarily comprised of fuel, freight, depreciation, direct labor, consumables, government levied charges and taxes. Consumables include fishing nets and metal containers used by fishing vessels. The Company’s fishing fleets in Indian waters and the international waters operate throughout the year, although the May to July period demonstrates lower catch quantities compared to the October to January period, which is the peak season.

 

An allowance is established when management determines that certain inventories may not be saleable. If inventory costs exceed expected market value due to obsolescence or quantities in excess of expected demand, the Company will record reserve for the difference between the cost and the market value. These reserves are recorded based on estimates. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company recorded a reserve for inventories in the amount of $635,742 and $413,893, respectively. 

 

When recorded, inventory reserves are intended to reduce the carrying value of inventories to their net realizable value. The Company regularly evaluates the ability to realize the value of inventories based on a combination of factors including the following: forecasted sales, estimated current and future market value.

 

Fishing licenses

 

Each of the Company’s fishing vessels requires an approval from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of the People’s Republic of China to carry out ocean fishing projects in international waters and foreign territories, and to the extent required, a fishing license in local fishing territory where the vessel operates. These approvals are valid for a period from 3 to 12 months, and are awarded to the Company at no cost. The Company applies for the renewal of the approval prior to expiration to avoid interruptions of fishing vessels’ operations. Each of our fishing vessels operating in Indonesian waters requires a fishing license granted by the authority in Indonesia.

 

9

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Investment in unconsolidated company – Global Deep Ocean

 

The Company uses the equity method of accounting for its investment in, and earning or loss of, companies that it does not control but over which it does exert significant influence. The Company considers whether the fair value of its equity method investment has declined below its carrying value whenever adverse events or changes in circumstances indicate that recorded value may not be recoverable. If the Company considers any decline to be other than temporary (based on various factors, including historical financial results and the overall health of the investee), then a write-down would be recorded to estimated fair value. See Note 7 for discussion of equity method investment.

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

Property, plant and equipment are carried at cost and are depreciated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The cost of repairs and maintenance is expensed as incurred; major replacements and improvements are capitalized. When assets are retired or disposed of, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and any resulting gains or losses are included in income in the year of disposition. The Company examines the possibility of decreases in the value of fixed assets when events or changes in circumstances reflect the fact that their recorded value may not be recoverable.

 

The estimated useful lives of the assets are as follows:

 

    Estimated useful life  
Fishing vessels   10 - 20 Years  
Vehicles   5 Years  
Office and other equipment  3 - 5 Years  

 

Expenditures for repairs and maintenance, which do not extend the useful life of the assets, are expensed as incurred.

 

Capitalized interest

 

Interest associated with the construction of fishing vessels is capitalized and included in the cost of the fishing vessels. When no debt is incurred specifically for the construction of a fishing vessel, interest is capitalized on amounts expended on the construction using weighted-average cost of the Company’s outstanding borrowings. Capitalization of interest ceases when the construction is substantially complete or the construction activity is suspended for more than a brief period. The Company capitalized interest of $21,819 and nil for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, in the fishing vessels under construction.

 

10

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

In accordance with ASC Topic 360, the Company reviews long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable, or at least annually. The Company recognizes an impairment loss when the sum of expected undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset. The amount of impairment is measured as the difference between the asset’s estimated fair value and its book value. The Company recognized impairment loss of $2,229,502 and nil for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Revenue recognition

 

Pursuant to the guidance of ASC Topic 606, the Company recognizes revenue when a sales arrangement with a customer exists (e.g., contract, purchase orders, others), transaction price is fixed or determinable and the Company has satisfied its performance obligation per the sales arrangement. The Company’s sales arrangements have standard payment terms that do not exceed a year. The majority of Company revenue originates from contracts with a single performance obligation to deliver products. The Company’s performance obligations are satisfied when control of the product is transferred to the customer per the arranged shipping terms.

 

The Company records a contract asset when it has a right to payment from a customer that is conditioned on events other than the passage of time. The Company also records a contract liability when customers prepay but the Company has not yet satisfied its performance obligation. The Company did not have any material unsatisfied performance obligations, contract assets or liabilities as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

With respect to the sale of frozen fish and other marine catches to third party customers, most of which are sole proprietor regional wholesalers in China, the Company recognizes revenue when customers pick up purchased goods at the Company’s cold storage warehouse, after payment is received by the Company or credit sale is approved by the Company for recurring customers who have a history of financial responsibility. The Company does not offer promotional payments, customer coupons, rebates or other cash redemption offers to its customers. The Company does not accept returns from customers.

 

11

 

  

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Government grant

 

Government grants are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. When the grant relates to an expense item, it is recognized as income over the periods necessary to match the grant on a systematic basis to the costs that it is intended to compensate. Where the grant relates to an asset, it is credited to the cost of the asset and is released to the income statement over the expected useful life in a consistent manner with the depreciation method for the relevant asset. 

 

Income taxes

 

Under the current laws of the Cayman Islands and British Virgin Islands, the Company and Merchant Supreme are not subject to any income or capital gains tax, and dividend payments that the Company may make are not subject to any withholding tax in the Cayman Islands or British Virgin Islands. Under the current laws of Hong Kong, Prime Cheer is not subject to any capital gains tax and dividend payments are not subject to any withholding tax in Hong Kong.

 

The Company is not incorporated nor does it engage in any trade or business in the United States and is not subject to United States federal income taxes. The Company did not derive any significant amount of income subject to such taxes after completion of the Share Exchange and accordingly, no relevant tax provision is made in the accompanying unaudited consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss).

 

The Company’s subsidiary, Pingtan Fishing, is a qualified ocean fishing enterprise certified by the Ministry of Agriculture of the PRC. The qualification is renewed on April 1 each year. Pingtan Fishing is exempt from income tax derived from its ocean fishing operations in the periods it processes a valid Ocean Fishing Enterprise Qualification Certificate issued by the Ministry of Agriculture of the PRC.

 

The new China’s Enterprise Income Tax Law (“EIT Law”) also provides that an enterprise established under the laws of foreign countries or regions but whose “de facto management body” is located in the PRC be treated as a resident enterprise for PRC tax purposes and consequently be subject to the PRC income tax at the rate of 25% for its worldwide income. The Implementing Rules of the new EIT Law merely define the location of the “de facto management body” as “the place where the exercising, in substance, of the overall management and control of the production and business operation, personnel, accounting, properties, etc., of a non-PRC company is located.” On April 22, 2009, the PRC State Administration of Taxation further issued a notice entitled “Notice Regarding Recognizing Offshore-Established Enterprises Controlled by PRC Shareholders as Resident Enterprises Based on Their Place of Effective Management.” Under this notice, a foreign company controlled by a PRC company or a group of PRC companies shall be deemed as a PRC resident enterprise if (i) the senior management and the core management departments in charge of its daily operations mainly function in the PRC; (ii) its financial decisions and human resource decisions are subject to decisions or approvals of persons or institutions in the PRC; (iii) its major assets, accounting books, company seals, minutes and files of board meetings and shareholders’ meetings are located or kept in the PRC; and (iv) more than half of the directors or senior management personnel with voting rights reside in the PRC. Based on a review of surrounding facts and circumstances, the company does not believe that it is likely that its operations outside of the PRC should be considered a resident enterprise for PRC tax purposes. However, due to limited guidance and implementation history of the new EIT Law, should the Company be treated as a resident enterprise for PRC tax purposes, the Company will be subject to PRC tax on worldwide income at a uniform tax rate of 25% retroactive to May 3, 2012.

 

In addition, Pingtan Fishing is not subject to foreign income taxes for its operations in either India and Indonesia Exclusive Economic Zones or the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission areas.

 

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based upon differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be effective when the differences are expected to reverse.

 

Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance to the extent that management concludes it is more likely than not that the assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

12

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Income taxes (continued)

 

The Company prescribes a more-likely-than-not threshold for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken in the tax return. This interpretation also provides guidance on de-recognition of income tax assets and liabilities, classification of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, accounting for interest and penalties associated with tax positions, accounting for income taxes in interim periods and income tax disclosures. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, there were no amounts that had been accrued with respect to uncertain tax positions.

 

Shipping and handling costs

 

Shipping and handling costs are included in selling expense and totaled $120,993 and $89,178 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Employee benefits

 

The Company makes mandatory contributions to the PRC government’s health, retirement benefit and unemployment funds in accordance with the relevant Chinese social security laws. The costs of these payments are charged to the same accounts as the related salary costs in the same period as the related salary costs incurred. Employee benefit costs totaled $604,882 and $86,504 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. 

 

Foreign currency translation

 

The reporting currency of the Company is the U.S. dollar. The functional currency of the parent company and subsidiaries of Merchant Supreme and Prime Cheer is the U.S. dollar and the functional currency of the Company’s subsidiaries of Pingtan Guansheng, Fujian Heyue and Pingtan Fishing is the Chinese Renminbi (“RMB”). For the subsidiaries of Pingtan Guansheng, Fujian Heyue and Pingtan Fishing, whose functional currencies are the RMB, results of operations and cash flows are translated at average exchange rates during the period, assets and liabilities are translated at the unified exchange rate at the end of the period, and equity is translated at historical exchange rates. As a result, amounts relating to assets and liabilities reported on the statements of cash flows may not necessarily agree with the changes in the corresponding balances on the balance sheets. Translation adjustments resulting from the process of translating the local currency financial statements into U.S. dollars are included in determining comprehensive income. The cumulative translation adjustment and effect of exchange rate changes on cash for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was $477,710 and $(204,936), respectively. Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing on the transaction dates. Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date with any transaction gains and losses that arise from exchange rate fluctuations on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in the results of operations as incurred.

 

13

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Foreign currency translation (continued)

 

All of the Company’s revenue transactions are transacted in the functional currency of the operating subsidiaries. The Company does not enter into any material transaction in foreign currencies. Transaction gains or losses have not had, and are not expected to have, a material effect on the results of operations of the Company.

 

Asset and liability accounts at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were translated at 6.7335 RMB to $1.00 and at 6.8632 RMB to $1.00, respectively, which were the exchange rates on the balance sheet dates. Equity accounts were stated at their historical rate. The average translation rates applied to the statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 were 6.7468 RMB and 6.3632 RMB to $1.00, respectively. Cash flows from the Company’s operations are calculated based upon the local currencies using the average translation rate.

 

Earnings per share

 

ASC Topic 260 “Earnings per Share,” requires presentation of both basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) with a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic EPS computation to the numerator and denominator of the diluted EPS computation. Basic EPS excludes dilution. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock or resulted in the issuance of common stock that then shared in the earnings of the entity.

 

Basic net income per share are computed by dividing net income available to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of ordinary shares, ordinary share equivalents and potentially dilutive securities outstanding during each period. Potentially dilutive ordinary shares consist of the ordinary shares issuable upon the exercise of ordinary share warrants (using the treasury stock method). Ordinary share equivalents are not included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share if their effect would be anti-dilutive. In a period in which the Company has a net loss, all potentially dilutive securities are excluded from the computation of diluted shares outstanding as they would have had an anti-dilutive impact. The following table presents a reconciliation of basic and diluted net income per share:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018 
Net (loss) income available to owners of the Company for basic and diluted net income per share of ordinary share  $(1,887,239)  $872,293 
Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding - basic and diluted   79,055,053    79,055,053 
Net income per ordinary share attributable to owners of the Company - basic and diluted  $(0.02)  $0.01 

 

Non-controlling interest

 

On February 15, 2015, China Agriculture invested RMB 400 million (approximately $65 million) into Pingtan Fishing and acquired an 8% equity interest in Pingtan Fishing. As of March 31, 2019, China Agriculture owned 8% of the equity interest of Pingtan Fishing, which was not under the Company’s control.

 

Related parties

 

Parties are considered to be related to the Company if the parties, directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, control, are controlled by, or are under common control with the Company. Related parties also include principal owners of the Company, its management, members of the immediate families of principal owners of the Company and its management and other parties with which the Company may deal with if one party controls or can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the other to an extent that one of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests. The Company discloses all significant related party transactions.

 

14

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Comprehensive income

 

Comprehensive income is comprised of net income and all changes to the statements of stockholders’ equity, except those due to investments by stockholders, changes in paid-in capital and distributions to stockholders. For the Company, comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 included net income and unrealized gain from foreign currency translation adjustments.

 

Segment information

 

ASC 280 “Segment reporting” establishes standards for reporting information on operating segments in interim and annual financial statements. All of the Company’s operations are considered by the chief operating decision maker to be aggregated in one reportable operating segment. All of the Company’s customers are in the PRC and all income is derived from ocean fishery.

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to contingencies, including legal proceedings and environmental claims arising out of the normal course of businesses that relate to a wide range of matters, including among others, contracts breach liability. The Company records accruals for such contingencies based upon the assessment of the probability of occurrence and, where determinable, an estimate of the liability. Management may consider many factors in making these assessments including past history, scientific evidence and the specifics of each matter.

 

The Company’s management has evaluated all such proceedings and claims that existed as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. In the opinion of management, the ultimate disposition of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, liquidity or results of operations.

  

Concentrations of credit, economic and political risks

 

The Company’s operations are carried out in the PRC. Accordingly, the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations may be influenced by the political, economic and legal environment in the PRC, and by the general state of the PRC’s economy. The Company’s operation in the PRC is subject to special considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America and Western Europe. These include risks associated with, among others, the political, economic and legal environment and foreign currency exchange. The Company’s results may be adversely affected by changes in the political and social conditions in the PRC, and by changes in governmental policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion, remittances aboard, and rates and methods of taxation, among other things.

 

Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and trade accounts receivable. All of the Company’s cash is maintained with state-owned banks within the PRC and Hong Kong, and none of these deposits are covered by insurance. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any risks on its cash in bank accounts. A portion of the Company’s sales are credit sales which are primarily to customers whose abilities to pay are dependent upon the industry economics prevailing in these areas; however, concentrations of credit risk with respect to trade accounts receivables is limited due to generally short payment terms. The Company also performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers to help further reduce credit risk.

 

According to the sale agreement signed on December 4, 2013, the Company does not own 20 fishing vessels but has the leased operating rights to operate these vessels which are owned by a related company, Fuzhou Honglong Ocean Fishery Co., Ltd (“Hong Long”), and the Company is entitled to 100% of net profit (loss) of the vessels. The Company has latitude in establishing price and discretion in supplier selection. There were no economic risks associated with the leased operating rights but the Company may need to bear the operation risks and credit risks as aforementioned.

 

As the Company has historically derived the majority of its revenue from Indonesian waters, the suspension of fishing operations in this area has had and will continue to have a significant negative impact on the Company.

 

15

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Recent Adopted Accounting Standards

 

Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases (“ASU 2018-10”) and ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842), Targeted Improvements (“ASU 2018-11”). The amendments in ASU 2018-10 affect only narrow aspects of the guidance issued in the amendments in ASU 2016-02, including but not limited to lease residual value guarantee, rate implicit in the lease and lease term and purchase option. The amendments in ASU 2018-11 provide an optional transition method for adoption of the new standard, which will allow entities to continue to apply the legacy guidance in ASC 840, including its disclosure requirements, in the comparative periods presented in the year of adoption.

 

Effective January 1, 2019, we have adopted the new standard using the modified retrospective approach and implemented internal controls to enable the preparation of financial information upon adoption. We elected to adopt both the transition relief provided in ASU 2018-11 and the package of practical expedients which allowed us, among other things, to retain historical lease classifications and accounting for any leases that existed prior to adoption of the standard. Additionally, we elected the practical expedients allowing us not to separate lease and non-lease components and not record leases with an initial term of twelve months or less (“short-term leases”) on the balance sheet across all existing asset classes.

 

Adoption of the new standard resulted in the recording of right use asset and lease liability of $0.77 million as of January 1, 2019, which primarily relates to our corporate office leases. The standard did not materially impact our condensed consolidated statements of operations or cash flows. Adopting the new standard did not have a material impact on the accounting for leases under which we are the lessee.

 

Recent accounting pronouncements

 

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, “Income Statement—Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income” (“ASU 2018-02”), which provides financial statement preparers with an option to reclassify stranded tax effects within accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings in each period in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (or portion thereof) is recorded. The amendments in this ASU are effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption of ASU 2018-02 is permitted, including adoption in any interim period for the public business entities for reporting periods for which financial statements have not yet been issued. The amendments in this ASU should be applied either in the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period (or periods) in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is recognized. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2018-02 to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements. 

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): simplifying the test for goodwill impairment”, the guidance removes Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test, which requires a hypothetical purchase price allocation. Goodwill impairment will now be the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, not the difference between the fair value and carrying amount of good will which was the Step 2 test before. The ASU should be adopted on a prospective basis for the annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this standard on its consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 3 – ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

 

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, accounts receivable consisted of the following:

 

   March 31,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Accounts receivable  $7,245,164   $6,307,492 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts   -    - 
   $7,245,164   $6,307,492 

 

The Company reviews the accounts receivable on a periodic basis and makes general and specific allowance when there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balance.

 

16

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 4 – INVENTORIES

 

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, inventories consisted of the following:

 

   March 31,
2019
   December 31, 2018 
Frozen fish and marine catches in warehouse  $5,979,598   $5,910,381 
Frozen fish and marine catches in transit   4,902,808    343,719 
    10,882,406    6,254,100 
Less: reserve for inventories   (635,742)   (413,893)
   $10,246,664   $5,840,207 

 

An allowance is established when management determines that certain inventories may not be saleable. If inventory costs exceed expected market value due to obsolescence or quantities in excess of expected demand, the Company will record reserve for the difference between the cost and the market value. These reserves are recorded based on estimates.

 

NOTE 5 – OTHER RECEIVABLES

 

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, other receivables consisted of the following:

 

   March 31,
2019
   December 31, 2018 
Security deposit  $4,441,343   $75,000 
Other   42,138    623,450 
   $4,483,481   $698,450 

 

NOTE 6 – COST METHOD INVESTMENT

 

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, cost method investment amounted to $3,118,735 and $3,059,797, respectively. The investment represents the Company’s subsidiary, Pingtan Fishing’s minority interest in Fujian Pingtan Rural-Commercial Bank Joint-Stock Co., Ltd. (“Pingtan Rural-Commercial Bank’’), a private financial institution. Pingtan Fishing completed its registration as a shareholder on October 17, 2012 and paid RMB 21 million (approximately $3.1 million) to subscribe 5% of the common stock of Pingtan Rural-Commercial Bank. Pingtan Fishing held 15,113,250 shares and accounted for 4.8% investment in the total equity investment of the bank as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

In according to ASC 325, the Company uses the cost method of accounting to record its investment since Pingtan Fishing does not have the ability to exercise significant influence over the operating and financing activities of Pingtan Rural-Commercial Bank. Long-term investment for which there are no quoted market prices, a reasonable estimate of fair value could not be made without incurring excessive costs. The Company monitors its investment in the non-marketable security and will recognize, if ever existing, a loss in value which is deemed to be other than temporary. The Company determined that there was no impairment on this investment as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

NOTE 7 – EQUITY METHOD INVESTMENT

 

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, equity method investment amounted to $29,317,825 and $28,872,521, respectively. The investment represents the Company’s subsidiary, Pingtan Fishing’s interest in Global Deep Ocean. On June 12, 2014, Pingtan Fishing incorporated Global Deep Ocean with other two unrelated companies in PRC. In April 2017, these two companies sold their shares to another unrelated party, Zhen Lin. As of March 31, 2019, Pingtan Fishing and Zhen Lin accounted for 20% and 80% of the total ownership, respectively. 

 

Global Deep Ocean will process, cold storage, and transport Deep Ocean fishing products. Total registered capital of Global Deep Ocean is RMB 1 billion (approximately $149.0 million) and as of March 31, 2019, Pingtan Fishing had contributed its share of registered capital of RMB 200 million (approximately $29.7 million). 

 

The Company treats the equity investment in the consolidated financial statements under the equity method. Under the equity method, the investment is initially recorded at cost, adjusted for any excess of the Company’s share of the incorporated-date fair values of the investee’s identifiable net assets over the cost of the investment (if any). Thereafter, the investment is adjusted for the post incorporation change in the Company’s share of the investee’s net assets and any impairment loss relating to the investment. For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company’s share of Global Deep Ocean’s net loss was $110,616 and $10,951, respectively, which was included in loss on equity method investment in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.

 

17

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 8 – PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

 

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, property, plant and equipment consisted of the following:

 

   Useful life   March 31,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Fishing vessels  10 - 20 Years   $231,031,932   $203,057,291 
Vehicles  5 Years    22,613    22,186 
Office and other equipment  3 – 5 Years    442,550    423,259 
Construction-in-progress  -    8,264,417    31,044,006 
        239,761,512    234,546,742 
Less: accumulated depreciation       (38,810,839)   (34,975,317)
       $200,950,673   $199,571,425 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, depreciation expense amounted to $2,740,118 and $2,433,126, respectively, of which $1,517,957 and $813,806, respectively, was included in cost of revenue, and the remainder was included in general and administrative expense, respectively.

 

18

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 8 – PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT (continued)

 

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company had 39 and 19 fishing vessels with net carrying amount of approximately $116.3 million and $35.3 million, respectively, pledged as collateral for its bank loans.

 

Included in construction-in-progress are fishing vessels under construction which includes the costs of construction and any interest charges arising from borrowings used to finance these assets during the period of construction of the assets. No provision for depreciation is made on fishing vessels under construction until such time as the relevant assets are completed and ready for their intended use.

 

NOTE 9 – RELATED PARTIES TRANSACTIONS

 

Accounts payable - related parties

 

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, accounts payable - related parties consisted of the following:

 

Name of related party  March 31,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Hong Long (1)  $2,881,999   $2,007,768 
Huna Lin   106,074    - 
Hong Fa Shipping Limited (2)   -    1,231,692 
Zhiyan Lin   -    4,363 
Ping Lin   -    1,020 
   $2,988,073   $3,244,843 

 

(1) Hong Long is an affiliate company majority owned by an immediate family member of the Company’s CEO.

 

(2) An entity controlled by the Company’s CEO.

 

These accounts payable – related parties’ amounts are short-term in nature, non-interest bearing, unsecured and payable on demand.

 

19

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 9 – RELATED PARTIES TRANSACTIONS (continued)

 

Due to related parties

 

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the due to related parties amount consisted of the following:

 

   March 31,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Accrued compensation for Roy Yu, Chief Financial Officer  $20,000   $20,000 
Accrued compensation for Xinrong Zhuo   3,314    3,320 
Advance from Xinrong Zhuo, Chief Executive Officer   10,001,332    9,432,987 
Due to related party-Honglong   20,268,154    10,098,970 
   $30,292,800   $19,555,277 

 

The advance from Xinrong Zhuo, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, is for working capital purposes and short-term in nature, non-interest bearing, unsecured and payable on demand.

 

Due to related party - Hong Long is short-term in nature, non-interest bearing, unsecured and payable on demand.

 

Operating lease

 

On July 31, 2012, the Company entered into a lease for office space with Ping Lin, spouse of the Company’s CEO (the “Office Lease”). Pursuant to the Office Lease, the annual rent is RMB 84,000 (approximately $12,700) and the renewed Office Lease expires on July 31, 2019.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, rent expense related to the Office Lease amounted to $3,113 and $3,300, respectively. Future minimum rental payment required under the Office Lease is as follows:

 

Twelve-month period Ending March 31:   Amount  
2020   $ 4,150  

 

Rental and related administrative service agreement

 

On July 1, 2013, the Company entered into a service agreement with Hai Yi Shipping Limited that provided the Company a portion of use of premises located in Hong Kong as office and provided related administrative services (the “Service Agreement”). Pursuant to the Service Agreement, the monthly payments are HK$298,500 (approximately $38,000) and the Service Agreement expired on December 31, 2017. On January 1, 2018, the Service Agreement was renewed to February 28, 2018 under the same conditions. On March 1, 2018, the Company entered into a lease agreement directly with the landlord under the same conditions expires on February 28, 2021.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, rent expense and corresponding administrative service charge related to the Service Agreement amounted to $114,167 and $114,326, respectively.

 

As of March 31, 2019, future minimum lease payments on operating leases were as follows

 

   March 31,
2019
 
   Operating Lease 
Maturity of lease liabilities    
2019  $288,768 
2020   385,024 
2021   64,171 
Total minimum lease payments  $737,963 
Imputed interest   (47,213)
Present value of minimum lease payments  $690,750 

 

The remaining lease terms (in years) and discount rates consisted of the following:

 

  

March 31,

2019

 
Lease term and discount rate     
Remaining operating lease term   1.92 
Discount rate   7.75%

20

 

  

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 9 – RELATED PARTIES TRANSACTIONS (continued)

 

Purchases from related parties

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, purchases from related parties were as follows:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018 
Purchase of fuel, fishing nets and other on-board consumables        
from Fuzhou Honglong Ocean Fishery Co., Ltd  $682,581   $596,988 
From Zhiyan Lin   354    - 
    682,935    596,988 
Purchase of leasing          
From Ping Lin   3,113    - 
    3,113    - 
Purchase of vessel maintenance service          
From Huna Lin   398,982    - 
    398,982    - 

 

21

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 10 – BANK LOANS

 

Short-term bank loans

 

Short-term bank loans represent the amounts due to various banks that are due within one year. These loans can be renewed with the banks upon maturities. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, short-term bank loans consisted of the following:

 

   March 31,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Loan from Fujian Haixia Bank, due on November 14, 2019 with annual interest rate of 4.2870% at March 31, 2019, collateralized by Hong Long’s 5 fishing vessels and 7 real estate properties of Ping Lin and Ying Liu  $714,000   $714,000 
Loan from Fujian Haixia Bank, due on November 4, 2019 with annual interest rate of 6.9600% at March 31, 2019, collateralized by Hong Long’s 5 fishing vessels and 7 real estate properties of Ping Lin and Ying Liu, the debt ratio of borrower should not be higher than or equal to 100%   4,455,335    4,371,139 
   $5,169,335   $5,085,139 

 

22

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 10 – BANK LOANS (continued)

 

Long-term bank loans

 

Long-term bank loans represent the amounts due to various banks lasting over one year. Usually, the long-term bank loans cannot be renewed with these banks upon maturities. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, long-term bank loans consisted of the following:

  

   March 31,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Loan from The Export-Import Bank of China, due on various dates until August 28, 2020 with annual interest rate of 4.750% at March 31, 2019, guaranteed by guaranteed by Hong Long, Xinrong Zhuo and Ping Lin.  $8,910,670   $- 
Loan from The Export-Import Bank of China, due on various dates until January 30, 2023 with annual interest rate of 4.900% at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, guaranteed by Xinrong Zhuo and Ping Lin and collateralized by 2 fishing vessels and collateralized by two related parties’ investments in equity interest of one PRC local banks.   9,653,226    9,470,801 
Loan from China Development Bank, due on various dates until November 27, 2023 with annual interest rate of 5.145% at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, guaranteed by Xinrong Zhuo, Honghong Zhuo, Mr. and Mrs. Zhiyan Lin and 17 fishing vessels, the debt ratio of borrower should not be higher than 80%   7,054,281    6,920,970 
Loan from The Export-Import Bank of China, due on various dates until March 28, 2025 with annual interest rate of 4.949% at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, guaranteed by Hong Long, Xinrong Zhuo, Ping Lin and collateralized by 20 fishing vessels.   74,255,588    - 
Loan from China Development Bank, due on various dates until July 30, 2026 with annual interest rate of 5.390% at March 31, 2019, guaranteed by Xinrong Zhuo, 11 fishing vessels and 6 Honglong’s fishing vessels, real estate of Mingguang Wanhao Property co., LTD., totaled area 22,123.50㎡, the debt ratio of borrower should not be higher than 80%   13,774,412    14,424,758 
Total long-term bank loans  $113,648,177   $30,816,529 
Less: current portion   (21,088,587)   (8,487,295)
Long-term bank loans, non-current portion  $92,559,590   $22,329,234 

  

The future maturities of long-term bank loans are as follows:

 

Due in twelve-month periods ending March 31,   Principal  
2020   $ 21,088,587  
2021     25,618,177  
2022     15,296,651  
2023     17,672,830  
2024     16,113,463  
Thereafter     17,858,469  
    $ 113,648,177  
Less: current portion     (21,088,587 )
Long-term liability   $ 92,559,590  

 

23

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 10 – BANK LOANS (continued)

 

The weighted average interest rate for short-term bank loans was approximately 6.7% and 5.1% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

The weighted average interest rate for long-term bank loans was approximately 5.2% and 5.1% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, interest expense related to bank loans amounted to $550,985 and $462,259, respectively, of which, $21,819 and nil was capitalized to construction-in-progress, respectively.

 

NOTE 11 – ACCRUED LIABILITIES AND OTHER PAYABLES

 

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, accrued liabilities and other payables consisted of the following:

 

   March 31,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Accrued salaries and related benefits  $6,824,453   $5,734,177 
Accrued interest due   113,146    62,243 
Other   286,699    262,128 
   $7,224,298   $6,058,548 

 

24

 

  

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 12 – CERTAIN RISKS AND CONCENTRATIONS

 

Credit risk

 

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company’s cash included bank deposits in accounts maintained within the PRC and Hong Kong where there are currently no rules or regulations in place for obligatory insurance to cover bank deposits in event of bank failure. However, the Company does not experience any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any significant risks on its cash in bank accounts.

 

Major customers

 

The following table sets forth information as to each customer that accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s sales for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Customer  2019   2018 
A   22%   24%
B   16%   * 
C   16%   * 
D   12%   13%
E   10%   11%

 

*less than 10%

 

Three customers accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s total outstanding accounts receivable at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

25

 

 

PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN U.S. DOLLARS)
MARCH 31, 2019

 

NOTE 12 – CERTAIN RISKS AND CONCENTRATIONS (continued)

 

Major suppliers

 

The following table sets forth information as to each supplier that accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s purchases for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Supplier  2019   2018 
A   67%   * 
B   19%   33%
C   *    21%
D   *    18%

 

* less than 10%

 

Two suppliers, whose outstanding accounts payable accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s total outstanding accounts payable and accounts payable – related parties at March 31, 2019, accounted for 75.0% of the Company’s total outstanding accounts payable and accounts payable – related parties at March 31, 2019.

 

One supplier, whose outstanding accounts payable accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s total outstanding accounts payable and accounts payable – related parties at December 31, 2018, accounted for 76.0% of the Company’s total outstanding accounts payable and accounts payable – related parties at December 31, 2018.

 

NOTE 13 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Severance payments

 

The Company has employment agreements with certain employees that provided severance payments upon termination of employment under certain circumstances, as defined in the applicable agreements. The Company has estimated its possible severance payments of approximately $10,000 as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, which have not been reflected in its consolidated financial statements. 

 

Operating lease

 

See note 9 for related party operating lease commitment.

 

Rental payment and related administrative service charge

 

See note 9 for related party rental and related administrative service agreement commitment.

 

NOTE 14 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

On April 11, 2019, the Company received a loan of $17.82 million from The Export-Import Bank of China. The loan is due on September 30, 2020 with annual interest rate of 4.75%. 

 

26

 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis of the results of operations and financial condition of Pingtan Marine Enterprise Ltd. for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 should be read in conjunction with the Pingtan Marine Enterprise Ltd. unaudited financial statements and the notes thereto contained elsewhere in this report. Our discussion includes forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties, such as our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions. Actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors, including those set forth under the Risk Factors, Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements and Business sections in our Form 10-K as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 15, 2019. We use words such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “project,” “continuing,” “ongoing,” “expect,” “believe,” “intend,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements.

 

Unless otherwise indicated, references to the “Company,” “us” or “we” refer to Pingtan Marine Enterprise Ltd. and its subsidiaries. All amounts expressed below are in US dollars.

 

Overview

 

We are a marine enterprise group primarily engaging in ocean fishing through our operating subsidiary, Fujian Provincial Pingtan County Ocean Fishing Group Co., Ltd., or Pingtan Fishing, which is organized in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”). We harvest a variety of fish species with many of our owned vessels or licensed vessels for which we have exclusive operating license rights. These vessels are located within the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (“EEZ”), the Arafura Sea of Indonesia and the international waters. We provide high quality seafood to a diverse group of customers including distributors, restaurant owners and exporters in the PRC.

 

In June 2013, we expanded our fleet from 40 to 86 vessels through a purchase of 46 fishing trawlers. We began operating these vessels in the third quarter of 2013 and have been entitled to net profits from their operation. Each vessel carries a crew of 10 to 15 persons. These vessels have resulted in additional carrying capacity of approximately 45,000 to 50,000 tons of fish.

 

In September 2013, we further increased our fleet to 106 vessels with the acquisition of 20 newly-built fishing trawlers. These vessels have a run-in period of 3 - 6 months, during which each is placed into the sea for testing prior to full operation. At full operation, each vessel is capable of harvesting 900 to 1,000 tons of fish.

 

Subsequent to our fleet expansions, in September 2013, the Bureau of Fisheries of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of the People’s Republic of China (“MOA”) issued a notification that it would suspend accepting shipbuilding applications for tuna harvesting vessels, squid harvesting vessels, Pacific saury harvesting vessels, trawlers operating on international waters, seine on international waters, and trawlers operating on the Arafura Sea, Indonesia. We believe the announcement is a positive indicator for long-term stability and balance in China’s fishing industry.

 

27

 

 

On December 4, 2013, in connection with the sale of China Dredging Group Co., Ltd (“CDGC” or “China Dredging”) to Fuzhou Honglong Ocean Fishery Co., Ltd (“Hong Long”), an affiliate company majority owned by a close family member of the Company’s CEO, we acquired 20-year operating license rights in connection with the lease of 20 fishing drifters for the appraised fair market value of approximately $216.1 million, whereby we are entitled to 100% of the operations and net profits (losses) from the vessels for the term of the lease. 

 

In September 2014, we further expanded our fleet to 129 vessels with the addition of 3 newly-built light luring seine vessels. At full operation, each vessel is capable of harvesting 2,000 tons of fish.

 

In June 2015, we purchased 4 longline fishing vessels and 2 squid jigging vessels for the appraised fair market value of approximately $56.2 million from Hong Long and Fuzhou Yishun Deep-Sea Fishing Co., Ltd. (“Yishun”), which is an affiliate company majority owned by an immediate family member of the Company’s CEO. These vessels are primarily focused on catching tuna and squid.

 

In March 2017, we purchased from Hong Long 1 refrigerated transport vessel and 4 squid jigging vessels for the appraised fair market value of approximately $38.5 million. Of those vessels, 2 finished renovation in October 2017, the Company obtained the ownership certificates of those 2 vessels and deployed them to international waters. At present, the Company has not obtained the ownership of the remaining 3 vessels but is entitled to 100% of the operations and net profits (losses) from the vessels.

 

In October 2016, we deployed 13 vessels, which were granted fishing licenses by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (“MAF”), to operate in the Indo-Pacific waters of the country. These fishing licenses were valid for one year. The vessels were purchased from Hong Long in June 2013. In September 2017, we were informed that the fishing licenses of the 13 vessels were suspended and the vessels were docked in the port by the MAF. The MAF alleged and investigated whether false statements were made during the licensing process and the vessels were simultaneously registered in Indonesia. We disputed these allegations and the government of Timor-Leste eventually agreed to release these vessels as no evidence was presented to support such allegations. The 13 vessels have returned to China for regular maintenance.

 

In December 2017, we deployed 2 squid jigging vessels to the international waters of the South-West Atlantic Ocean.

 

28

 

 

On April 2, 2018, 27 vessels received approval from the MOA to operate in the international waters. After the modification and rebuilding project, 19 of the 27 new fishing vessels have been deployed to sea in November and December 2018, and the remaining 8 new fishing vessels set their sail towards the designated waters by the end of first quarter 2019.

 

In October 2018, we purchased 1 refrigerated transport vessel, which started the modification and rebuilding project. We expect the modification and rebuilding project to be completed in June 2019, and the transport vessel will be deployed to international waters in support of the 27 new fishing vessels.

 

In January 2019, 24 vessels received approval from the MOA to operate in the international waters of the Indian Ocean, North Pacific Ocean, Southeast Pacific and Southwest Atlantic Oceans including Argentina after completion of modification and rebuilding.

 

In the first quarter of 2019, the Company dismantled 1 transport vessel and deregistered 6 fishing vessels and applied to the MOA for building 7 new vessels. The MOA have already approved the modification and rebuilding of the dismantled transport vessel and it is now being rebuilt; approvals to the 6 deregistered fishing vessels are to be granted.

 

As of March 31, 2019, we own 66 trawlers, 26 squid jigging vessels, 13 drifters, 10 light luring seine vessels and 4 longline fishing vessels, have exclusive operating license rights to 20 drifters, and also have 2 transport vessels which are in the modification and rebuilding project. We are the second largest China-based fishery company operating its vessels outside of Chinese waters and our fleet has an average remaining useful life of approximately 15.7 years. All of our vessels are approved by the MOA and, to the extent required, licensed by foreign fishing territories where they operate, subject to any foreign government’s moratorium or any suspensions or revocations that apply to the vessels or local entities, as described below.

 

Among the 141 vessels, 12 are located in the Bay of Bengal in India; 37 are located in international waters; 13 have returned to China from the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste due to the reason described above; 2 transport vessels are in the modification and rebuilding project, 24 vessels are in preparation for modification and rebuilding; 6 vessels are deregistered and is undergoing the application procedures for modification and rebuilding; the remaining 47 vessels were licensed by the MOA to operate in the Arafura Sea in Indonesia and 3 of them returned to China for maintenance in the first quarter of 2019. The vessels in Indonesian waters, however, are not in operation because the licenses are currently inactive due to either the moratorium discussed below, the revocation of the fishery business license of the local entity through which the vessels operate, or, with respect to 4 vessels, the revocation of the local fishing licenses.

 

We catch nearly 30 different species of fish including ribbon fish, croaker fish, Indian Ocean squid and chub mackerel. All of our catch is shipped back to China. We arrange chartered transportation ships to deliver frozen stocks to cold storage warehouses located in one of China’s largest seafood trading centers, Mawei Seafood Market in Fujian Province.

 

We derive our revenue primarily from the sale of frozen seafood products. We sell our products directly to customers, including distributors, restaurant owners and exporters. Most of our customers have long-term, cooperative relationships with us. Our existing customers also introduce new customers to us from time to time. In July 2017, we entered into an exclusive strategic cooperation agreement to sell our fish products directly to consumers online. Our operating results are subject to seasonal variations. Harvest volume is the highest in the fourth quarter of the year while harvest volumes in the second and third quarters are relatively low due to the spawn season of certain fish species, including ribbon fish, cuttlefish, pomfret, and squid. Based on past experiences, demand for seafood products is the highest from December to January, during Chinese New Year. We believe that our profitability and growth are dependent on the termination of the Indonesian moratorium discussed below or the redeployment of our vessels from Indonesian waters to other locations, our ability, and those with which we conduct business, to maintain effective licenses with local departments of fisheries, such as Indonesia and Timor-Leste, and our ability to expand our customer base.

 

29

 

 

Significant factors affecting our results of operations

 

 

The Indonesian government’s moratorium on local fishing licenses renewals: In early December 2014, the Indonesian government introduced a six-month moratorium on issuing new fishing licenses and renewals so that the country’s Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (“MMAF”) could combat illegal fishing and rectify ocean fishing order. In February 2015, we ceased all fishing operations in Indonesia. During the moratorium, PME was informed that fishing licenses of four vessels operated through PT. Avona, one of the local companies through which PME conducts business in Indonesia, and the fishery business license of PT. Dwikarya, the other local company through which PME conducts business in Indonesia, were revoked. As a result of and because license renewal was prohibited due to the general moratorium, all local fishing licenses of PME’s vessels in Indonesia are presently inactive.

 

Although, in November 2015, the Indonesian government announced that the moratorium had concluded, the MMAF has not implemented new fishing policies and resumed the license renewal process. We do not know when exactly licensing and renewal will resume. We have been paying close attention to any new trends in fishing policy and have been actively exploring other business operations and redeploying vessels to other locations. Since we previously derived a majority of our revenue from this area, this ban has caused a significant drop in our production and our financial results will continue to be adversely affected.

     
  Governmental policies: Fishing is a highly regulated industry and our operations require licenses and permits. Our ability to obtain, sustain or renew such licenses and permits on acceptable terms is subject to changes in regulations and policies and is at the discretion of the applicable government agencies. Our inability to obtain, or loss or denial of extensions to, any of our applicable licenses or permits could hamper our ability to generate revenue from our operations.
     
  Resource & environmental factors: Our fishing expeditions are based in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone, the international waters and the Arafura Sea of Indonesia. Any earthquake, tsunami, adverse weather or oceanic conditions or other calamities in such areas may result in disruption to our operations and could adversely affect our sales. Adverse weather conditions such as storms, cyclones and typhoons or cataclysmic events may also decrease the volume of fish catches or may even hamper our operations. Our fishing volumes may also be adversely affected by major climatic disruptions such as El Nino, which in the past has caused significant decreases in seafood catch worldwide. Besides weather patterns, other unpredictable factors, such as fish migration, may also impact our harvest volume.
     
  Fluctuation on fuel prices: Our operations may be adversely affected by fluctuations in fuel prices. Changes in fuel prices may result in increases in the selling prices of our products, and may, in turn, adversely affect our sales volume, revenue and operating profit.

 

30

 

 

  Competition: We engage in the business in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone, the international waters, and the Arafura Sea of Indonesian. Competition within our designated fishing areas is not currently significant as the region is not overfished or regulated by government limits on the number of vessels that are allowed to fish in the territories; however, there is no guarantee that competition will not become more intense. Competition in the consumer market in China, however, is keen. We compete with other fishing companies that offer similar and varied products. There is significant demand for fish in the Chinese market. We believe our catch appeals to a wide segment of consumers because of the low price points of our products.
     
  Fishing licenses: Each of our fishing vessels requires approval from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of the People’s Republic of China to carry out ocean fishing projects in international waters and foreign territories. These approvals are granted annually and are normally valid for a period of 12 months. When the inspection certificate of a vessel is valid for less than 12 months, the approval will be granted with the validity period equal to that indicated on the inspection certificate and will be extended to full validity period when new inspection certificate is issued. Different countries may have different policies for foreign cooperation in fisheries. Some countries require fishing licenses issued by the accessed country; some others may require establishment of a joint venture or sole proprietorship to obtain local licenses. During the Indonesian moratorium, we were informed that fishing licenses of four vessels operated through PT Avona, one of the local companies through which we conduct business in Indonesia, and the fishery business license of PT Dwikarya, the other local company through which we conduct business in Indonesia, were revoked. In September 2017, we were informed that the fishing licenses of the 13 vessels operating in the Indo-Pacific waters of Timor-Leste were suspended; and these vessels have returned to China for regular maintenance.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Comparison of results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

 

Revenue

 

We recognize revenue from sales of frozen fish and other marine catches when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the price to the customer is fixed or determinable, and collection of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured.

 

With respect to the sales to third party customers, the majority of whom are sole proprietor regional wholesalers in the PRC, we recognize revenue when customers receive purchased goods at our cold storage warehouse, after payment is received or credit sale is approved for recurring customers who have a history of financial responsibility.

 

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We do not offer promotional payments, customer coupons, rebates or other cash redemption offers to customers. We do not accept returns from customers. Deposits or advance payments from customers prior to delivery of goods are recorded as advances from customers.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, our revenue by species of fish was as follows (dollars in thousands, except for average price):

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 
   Revenue   Volume (KG)   Average price   Percentage
of revenue
 
Indian Ocean squid  $5,056    4,578,949   $1.10    27.4%
Ribbon fish   3,952    1,201,833    3.29    21.5%
Cuttle fish   2,250    405,768    5.54    12.2%
Croaker fish   1,432    639,488    2.24    7.8%
Indian squid   605    114,829    5.27    3.3%
Pomfret   595    52,213    11.40    3.2%
Others   4,534    1,749,866    2.59    24.6%
Total  $18,424    8,742,946   $2.11    100.0%

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 
   Revenue   Volume (KG)   Average price   Percentage
of revenue
 
Ribbon fish  $4,076    1,207,323   $3.38    37.5%
Croaker fish   3,166    1,127,546    2.81    29.1%
Peru squid   2,348    1,064,845    2.21    21.6%
Cuttle fish   240    42,406    5.66    2.2%
Sailfish   180    44,062    4.09    1.7%
Chub mackerel   171    181,647    0.94    1.6%
Others   703    250,833    2.80    6.3%
Total  $10,884    3,918,662   $2.78    100.0%

 

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For the three months ended March 31, 2019, we had revenue of $18,424,209, as compared to revenue of $10,884,268 for the three months ended March 31, 2018, an increase of $7,539,941, or 69.3%. The increase was mainly attributable to more fishing vessels being deployed to international waters for operation. Sales volumes in the three months ended March 31, 2019 increased 123% to 8,742,946 kg from 3,918,662 kg in the three months ended March 31, 2018. Average unit sale price decreased 24% in the three months ended March 31, 2019 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018, which was primarily due to the different sales mix.

 

Cost of revenue

 

Our cost of revenue primarily consists of fuel cost, depreciation, direct labor cost, fishing vessels maintenance fees, other overhead costs, and reserve for inventories. Fuel cost, depreciation, and labor cost generally accounted for the majority of our cost of revenue. The following table sets forth our cost of revenue information, both in amounts and as a percentage of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 (dollars in thousands):

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2019   2018 
   Amount   % of cost of
revenue
   % of
revenue
   Amount   % of cost of
revenue
   % of
revenue
 
Fuel cost  $8,543    59.6%   46.4%  $3,333    63.2%   30.6%
Labor cost   2,044    14.2%   11.1%   737    13.9%   6.8%
Depreciation   1,518    10.6%   8.2%   704    13.3%   6.5%
Freight   1,411    9.8%   7.7%   348    6.6%   3.2%
Spare parts   661    4.6%   3.6%   84    1.6%   0.8%
Maintenance fee   14    0.1%   0.1%   12    0.2%   0.1%
Others*   153    1.1%   0.8%   66    1.2%   0.6%
Total cost of revenue  $14,344    100.0%   77.9%  $5,284    100.0%   48.6%

  

* Represents the reserve for inventories and the cost of foods onboard.

  

Cost of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $14,343,558, representing an increase of $9,059,842 or 171.5%, as compared to $5,283,716 for the three months ended March 31, 2018, which was primarily due to the increased costs of more vessels in international waters.

 

Gross profit

 

Our gross profit is affected primarily by changes in production costs. Fuel cost, depreciation, and labor cost together account for about 84.4% and 90.4% of cost of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The fluctuation of fuel price and change in depreciation may significantly affect our cost level and gross profit.

 

The following table sets forth information as to our revenue, cost of revenue, gross profit and gross margin for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018 
Revenue  $18,424,209   $10,884,268 
Cost of revenue  $14,343,558   $5,283,716 
Gross profit  $4,080,651   $5,600,552 
Gross margin   22.1%   51.5%

 

Gross profit for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $4,080,651, representing a decrease of $1,519,901 or 27.1%, as compared to gross profit of $5,600,552 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 due to catching fishes, which have lower unit selling prices during the three months ended March 31, 2019.

 

Gross margin decreased to 22.1% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 from 51.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2018. As new fishing vessels are deployed in different waters of high seas, different catch mix led to a drop of average unit price by 24%, and more importantly, 8 of our first group of 27 modified and rebuilt fishing vessels set their sail towards the designated waters by the end of first quarter 2019, driving up the refueling cost and other related costs of revenue while no revenue generated because the vessels were not yet in operation in the reporting period, which primarily account for the decrease in gross margin.

 

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Selling expense

 

Our selling expense mainly includes shipping and handling fees, insurance, customs clearance charge, storage fees and advertising expenses. Our sales activities are conducted through direct selling by our internal sales staff. Because of the strong demand for our products and services, we typically do not aggressively market and distribute our products.

 

Selling expense totaled $709,929 for the three months ended March 31, 2019, as compared to $481,451 for the three months ended March 31, 2018, an increase of $228,478 or 47.5%. Selling expense as a percentage of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2019 decreased to 3.9% from 4.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2018, which was mainly attributable to the increase in sales revenue. Selling expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 consisted of the following:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018 
Insurance  $449,183   $189,789 
Shipping and handling fees   120,993    89,178 
Storage fees   103,363    73,866 
Customs clearance charge   33,057    69,605 
Other   3,333    59,013 
   $709,929   $481,451 

  

  For the three months ended March 31, 2019, insurance increased by $259,394, or 136.7%, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018. The change was mainly attributable to the different insured fishing vessels mix.
     
  For the three months ended March 31, 2019, shipping and handling fees increased by $31,815, or 35.7%, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018. The change was mainly attributable to the number of deliveries from ports to the warehouse in China.
     
  For the three months ended March 31, 2019, storage fees increased by $29,497, or 39.9%, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018. The increase was mainly attributable to larger warehouses were rented as more fish were delivered for inventory.
     
  For the three months ended March 31, 2019, customs clearance charge decreased by $36,548, or 52.5%, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018. The change was mainly attributable to the numbers of customs declaration.
     
  Other miscellaneous selling expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 decreased by $55,680, or 94.4%, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

General and administrative expense

 

General and administrative expense totaled $4,817,551 for the three months ended March 31, 2019, as compared to $3,125,616 for the three months ended March 31, 2018, an increase of $1,691,935, or 54.1%. General and administrative expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 consisted of the following:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018 
Impairment loss  $2,229,502   $- 
Depreciation   1,222,161    1,566,019 
Professional fees   643,547    540,366 
Compensation and related benefits   375,280    551,923 
Rent and related administrative service charge   136,408    117,626 
Travel and entertainment   77,815    18,699 
Bad debt expense   -    168,945 
Other   132,838    162,038 
   $4,817,551   $3,125,616 

 

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  Impairment loss represents the impairment loss on the vessels whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets might not be recovered. In the first quarter of 2019, we dismantled 1 transport vessel and deregistered 6 fishing vessels and applied to the MOA for rebuilding 7 new vessels. As a result of the rebuilding projects, we assessed the recoverability of the 7 fishing vessels based on the undiscounted future cash flow that the fishing vessels are expected to generate as less than the carrying amount, and recognized an impairment loss of $2,229,502.
     
  We recorded the depreciation in relation to vessels that are not operating as operation expense rather than cost of revenue. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, depreciation expense decreased by $343,858, or 22.0%, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018.
     
  Professional fees, which primarily consist of legal fees, accounting fees, investor relations services charge, valuation service fees, consulting fees, and other fees associated with being a public company, for the three months ended March 31, 2019, increased by $103,181, or 19.1%, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in accounting fees of approximately $218,000, partially offset by a decrease in consulting fees of approximately $82,000 and a decrease in legal fees of approximately $35,000.
     
  Compensation and related benefits decreased by $176,643, or 32.0%, for the three months ended March 31, 2019 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018. The decrease was mainly attributable to booking the salaries of the crews that are not in operation in East Timor into G&A expenses of approximately $147,000 in the first quarter of 2018, and we have no such costs during the first quarter of 2019 as these non-operation vessels shipped back to China.
     
  Rent and related administrative service charge increased by $18,782, or 16.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018.
     
  For the three months ended March 31, 2019, travel and entertainment expense increased by $59,116, or 316.1%, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018. The increase was mainly attributable to an increase in entertainment expense of approximately $58,000.
     
  For the three months ended March 31, 2019, we have not recorded any bad debt expense as compared to $168,945 for the three months ended March 31, 2018. Based on our periodic review of accounts receivable balances, we adjusted the allowance for doubtful accounts after considering management’s evaluation of the collectability of individual receivable balances, including the analysis of subsequent collections, the customers’ collection history, and recent economic events.
     
  Other general and administrative expense primarily consist of insurance, communication fees, office supply, miscellaneous taxes, bank service charge and NASDAQ listing fee. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, other general and administrative expense decreased slightly by $29,200, or 18.0%, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

Grant Income

 

The grant income mainly consists of an incentive granted by the Chinese government to encourage the development of the ocean fishing industry in order to satisfy the demand of natural seafood in China and other small miscellaneous grant income from the Chinese government. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, grant income decreased by $1,052,112, or 100.0% as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018. We have not received grant income during the three months ended March 31, 2019 due to government's time schedule.

 

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Loss on fixed assets disposal

 

Loss on fixed assets disposal represents the gain or loss on the disposal of fixed assets we recorded as it incurred. The loss on fixed assets disposal was nil and $2,181,455 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. This was mainly due to 27 fishing vessels being dismantled for modification and rebuilding project in 2018.

 

(Loss) income from operations

 

As a result of the factors described above, for the three months ended March 31, 2019, loss from operations amounted to $1,446,829 as compared to income from operations amounted to $864,142 for the three months ended March 31, 2018, a change of $2,310,971, or 267.4%.

 

Other income/expense

 

Other income/expense mainly include interest income from bank deposits, interest expense generated from short-term and long-term bank borrowings, foreign currency transaction gain, and loss on equity method investment. 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2019, other expense, net, amounted to $521,510 as compared to other income, net, of $120,546 for the three months ended March 31, 2018, a change of $642,056, or 532.6%, which was primarily attributable to a decrease in interest income of approximately $17,000, an increase in interest expenses of approximately $67,000, a decrease in foreign currency transaction gain of approximately $484,000 and an increase in loss on equity method investment of approximately $100,000, offset by an increase in other income of approximately $26,000.

 

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Income taxes

 

We are exempted from income taxes for income generated from our ocean fishing operations in China for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

Net (loss) income

 

As a result of the factors described above, our net loss was $1,968,339 for the three months ended March 31, 2019, compared to net income of $984,688 for the three months ended March 31, 2018, a decrease of $2,953,027 or 299.9%. A non-recurring, non-cash impairment loss of $2.229,502 was recorded due to the modification and rebuilding project of 7 vessels.

 

Net (loss) income attributable to owners of the Company

 

The net loss attributable to owners of the Company was $1,887,239, or $0.02 per ordinary share (basic and diluted), for the three months ended March 31, 2019, compared to net income attributable to owners of the Company of $872,293, or $0.01 per ordinary share (basic and diluted), for the three months ended March 31, 2018, a change of $2,759,532 or 316.4%.

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

  

Our reporting currency is the U.S. dollar. The functional currency of our parent company and subsidiaries of Merchant Supreme and Prime Cheer is the U.S. dollar and the functional currency of the Company’s subsidiaries incorporated in China is the Chinese Renminbi (“RMB”). The financial statements of our subsidiaries incorporated in China are translated to U.S. dollars using period end rates of exchange for assets and liabilities, and average rates of exchange (for the period) for revenue, costs, and expenses. Net gains and losses resulting from foreign exchange transactions are included in the consolidated statements of operations. As a result of foreign currency translations, which are a non-cash adjustment, we reported a foreign currency translation gain of $2,899,349 for the three months ended March 31, 2019, as compared to $5,603,908 for the three months ended March 31, 2018. This non-cash gain had the effect of increasing/decreasing our reported comprehensive income/loss.

 

Comprehensive income

 

As a result of our foreign currency translation adjustment, we had comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2019 of $931,010, compared to comprehensive income of $6,588,596 for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Liquidity is the ability of a company to generate funds to support its current and future operations, satisfy its obligations and otherwise operate on an ongoing basis. Our principal liquidity demands are based on the capital needs of Pingtan Fishing related to the acquisition or construction of new fishing vessels and continuously upgrading and renovating existing vessels, and our general corporate purposes. We historically relied on cash flow provided by operations and bank loans to supplement our working capital. We also receive government grants as the government incentive for encouraging development of ocean fishing industry. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, we had cash balances of approximately $76,893,321 and $1,966,855, respectively. The significant portion of these funds are located in financial institutions located in the PRC and will continue to be indefinitely reinvested in our operations in the PRC.

 

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The following table sets forth a summary of changes in our working capital from December 31, 2018 to March 31, 2019:

 

           December 31, 2018 to
March 31, 2019
 
   March 31,
2019
   December 31, 2018   Change   Percentage Change 
Working capital surplus (deficit):                
Total current assets  $99,321,505   $15,457,828   $83,863,677    542.5%
Total current liabilities   88,349,821    73,073,227    15,276,594    20.9%
Working capital surplus (deficit):  $10,971,684   $(57,615,399)  $68,587,083    119.0%

 

Our working capital surplus increased $68,587,083 to working capital surplus of $10,971,684 at March 31, 2019 from working capital deficit of $57,615,399 at December 31, 2018. This increase in working capital is primarily attributable to an increase in cash of approximately $74,926,000 as we received more long-term bank loans during the first quarter of 2019, an increase in accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts, of approximately $938,000, an increase in inventories, net of reserve for inventories, of approximately $4,406,000 due to our business expansion resulting from more fishing vessels put in operations, an increase in other receivables of approximately $3,785,000, a decrease in accounts payable of approximately $9,746,000, and a decrease in accounts payable-related parties of approximately $257,000. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in prepaid expenses of approximately $192,000, an increase in short-term bank loans of approximately $84,000, a significant increase in long-term bank loans - current portion approximately of $12,601,000, an increase in accrued liabilities and other payables of approximately $1,166,000, an increase in lease liability of approximately $691,000 due to the adaptation of ASU 2016-02, and an increase due to related parties of approximately $10,738,000 due to the increase in the advance from Honglong and Xinrong Zhuo for working capital purposes.

 

Because the exchange rate conversion is different for consolidated balance sheets and consolidated statements of cash flows, the changes in assets and liabilities reflected on consolidated statements of cash flows are not necessarily identical with the comparable changes reflected on consolidated balance sheets.

 

Cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018

 

The following summarizes the key components of our cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018 
Net cash provided by operating activities  $10,390,185   $4,919,711 
Net cash used in investing activities   (23,551,607)   - 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   87,610,178    (3,943,415)
Effect of exchange rate on cash   477,710    (204,936)
Net increase in cash  $74,926,466   $771,360 

  

Net cash flow provided by operating activities was $10,390,185 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 as compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $4,919,711 for the three months ended March 31, 2018, an increase of $5,470,474.

 

 

Net cash flow provided by operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 primarily reflected our net loss of approximately $1,968,000, and the add-back of non-cash items, mainly consisting of depreciation of approximately $2,740,000, an increase in reserve for inventories of approximately $213,000, loss on equity method investment of approximately $111,000 and impairment loss of fishing vessels of approximately $2,230,000, and changes in operating assets and liabilities primarily consisting of a decrease in prepaid expenses of approximately $391,000, a decrease on other receivables of approximately $592,000, an increase in accounts payable of approximately $5,445,000, an increase in accrued liabilities and other payables of approximately $951,000 and an increase due to related parties of approximately $5,223,000 due to the increase in the advance from Honglong and Xinrong Zhuo for working capital purposes, offset by an increase in accounts receivable of approximately $815,000, an increase in inventories of approximately $4,499,000 due to our business expansion resulting from more fishing vessels put in operations and a decrease in accounts payable-related parties of approximately $319,000.

  

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  Net cash flow provided by operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2018 primarily reflected our net income of approximately $985,000, and the add-back of non-cash items, mainly consisting of depreciation of approximately $2,433,000, increase in allowance for doubtful accounts of approximately $169,000, loss on disposal of fixed assets of approximately $2,181,000 and loss on equity method investment of approximately $11,000, and changes in operating assets and liabilities primarily consisting of a decrease in prepaid expenses of approximately $114,000, a decrease in accounts receivable of approximately $207,000, an increase in accounts payable of approximately $3,009,000, offset by an increase in inventories of approximately $1,795,000 due to our business expansion resulting from more fishing vessels put in operations, a decrease in accrued liabilities and other payables of approximately $1,201,000, and a decrease in accounts payable- related parties of approximately $596,000.

 

Net cash flow used in investing activities was $23,551,607 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 as compared to nil for the three months ended March 31, 2018. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we made payments for purchase of property, plant and equipment of approximately $21,353,000, made payments for purchase of intangible assets of approximately $4,358,000, offset by proceeds from government grants for fishing vessels construction of approximately $2,159,000.

 

Net cash flow provided by financing activities was $87,610,178 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 as compared to net cash flow used in financing activities of $3,943,415 for the three months ended March 31, 2018. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we received long-term bank loans of approximately of $83,002,000, and received advances from related parties of approximately $5,534,000, offset by the repayments of long-term bank loans of approximately $926,000. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, we received advances from related parties of approximately $1,847,000, offset by the repayments of short-term bank loans of approximately $5,000,000, and cash used for dividend payments of approximately $791,000.

 

Contractual Obligations and Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

Contractual obligations

 

We have certain fixed contractual obligations and commitments that include future estimated payments. Changes in our business needs, cancellation provisions, changing interest rates, and other factors may result in actual payments differing from the estimates. We cannot provide certainty regarding the timing and amounts of payments. We have presented below a summary of the most significant assumptions used in our determination of amounts presented in the tables, in order to assist in the review of this information within the context of our consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

 

The following tables summarize our contractual obligations as of March 31, 2019 (dollars in thousands), and the effect these obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flows in future periods.

 

   Payments Due by Period 
Contractual obligations:  Total   Less than 1 year   1-3 years   3-5 years   5+ years 
Related party office lease obligation  $4   $4   $-   $-   $- 
Short-term bank loans (1)   5,169    5,169    -    -    - 
Office lease obligation   738    385    353    -    - 
Long-term bank loans   113,648    21,089    40,915    33,786    17,858 
Total  $119,559   $26,647   $41,268   $33,786   $17,858 

  

(1)Historically, we have refinanced these short-term bank loans for an additional term of six months to one year and we expect to continue to refinance these loans upon expiration.

 

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Off-balance sheet arrangements

 

None.

 

Recent Adopted Accounting Standards

 

Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases (“ASU 2018-10”) and ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842), Targeted Improvements (“ASU 2018-11”). The amendments in ASU 2018-10 affect only narrow aspects of the guidance issued in the amendments in ASU 2016-02, including but not limited to lease residual value guarantee, rate implicit in the lease and lease term and purchase option. The amendments in ASU 2018-11 provide an optional transition method for adoption of the new standard, which will allow entities to continue to apply the legacy guidance in ASC 840, including its disclosure requirements, in the comparative periods presented in the year of adoption.

 

Effective January 1, 2019, we have adopted the new standard using the modified retrospective approach and implemented internal controls to enable the preparation of financial information upon adoption. We elected to adopt both the transition relief provided in ASU 2018-11 and the package of practical expedients which allowed us, among other things, to retain historical lease classifications and accounting for any leases that existed prior to adoption of the standard. Additionally, we elected the practical expedients allowing us not to separate lease and non-lease components and not record leases with an initial term of twelve months or less (“short-term leases”) on the balance sheet across all existing asset classes.

 

Adoption of the new standard resulted in the recording of right use asset and lease liability of $0.77 million as of January 1, 2019, which primarily relates to our corporate office leases. The standard did not materially impact our condensed consolidated statements of operations or cash flows. Adopting the new standard did not have a material impact on the accounting for leases under which we are the lessee.

 

Recent accounting pronouncements

  

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, “Income Statement—Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income” (“ASU 2018-02”), which provides financial statement preparers with an option to reclassify stranded tax effects within accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings in each period in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (or portion thereof) is recorded. The amendments in this ASU are effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption of ASU 2018-02 is permitted, including adoption in any interim period for the public business entities for reporting periods for which financial statements have not yet been issued. The amendments in this ASU should be applied either in the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period (or periods) in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is recognized. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2018-02 to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): simplifying the test for goodwill impairment”, the guidance removes Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test, which requires a hypothetical purchase price allocation. Goodwill impairment will now be the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, not the difference between the fair value and carrying amount of good will which was the step 2 test before. The ASU should be adopted on a prospective basis for the annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this standard on its consolidated financial statements.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

 

Commodity price risk

 

Oil costs account for approximately 59.6% of our total cost of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2019. We are primarily exposed to oil price volatility caused by supply conditions, political and economic variables and other unpredictable factors. We purchase oil used by our vessels at prevailing market prices. We do not have formal long-term purchase contracts with our suppliers and, therefore, we are exposed to the risk of fluctuating oil prices.

 

We did not have any commodity price derivatives or hedging arrangements outstanding at March 31, 2019 and did not employ any commodity price derivatives in the three months ended March 31, 2019.

 

Foreign currency exchange rate risk 

 

While our reporting currency is the USD, all of our consolidated revenue and consolidated cost of revenue and a significant portion of our consolidated expenses are denominated in RMB. Furthermore, a significant portion of our assets are denominated in RMB. As a result, we are exposed to foreign exchange risk as our revenue and result of operations may be affected by fluctuations in the exchange rate between USD and RMB.  

 

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The value of the RMB against the USD and other currencies is affected by, among other things, changes in the PRC’s political and economic conditions. Since July 2005, the RMB has not been pegged to the USD. Although the People’s Bank of China regularly intervenes in the foreign exchange market to prevent significant short-term fluctuations in the exchange rate, the RMB may appreciate or depreciate significantly in value against the USD in the medium to long term. Moreover, it is possible that in the future, PRC authorities may lift restrictions on fluctuations in the RMB exchange rate and lessen intervention in the foreign exchange market.

 

If the RMB depreciates against the USD, the value of our RMB revenue, earnings and assets as expressed in our USD financial statements will decline. A 1% average appreciation (depreciation) of the RMB against the USD would decrease (increase) our comprehensive gain by $9,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 based on our revenue, costs and expenses, and assets and liabilities denominated in RMB as of March 31, 2019. To date, we have not entered into any hedging transactions to reduce our exposure to foreign currency exchange risk. While we may decide to enter into hedging transactions in the future, the availability and effectiveness of these hedging transactions may be limited and we may not be able to successfully hedge our exposure at all.

 

Interest rate risk

 

We are exposed to interest rate risk arising from short-term and long-term variable rate borrowings from time to time. Our future interest expense will fluctuate in line with any change in our borrowing rates. Our bank borrowings amounted to $118.8 million at March 31, 2019. Based on the variable nature of the underlying interest rate, the bank borrowings approximated fair value at that date.

 

A hypothetical 100 basis point change in interest rates would impact our interest on our borrowings by approximately $5,000. The potential change in interest amount is calculated based on the change in the interest amount over a one year period due to an immediate 100 basis point change in interest rates.

 

Inflation risk

 

Inflationary factors such as increases in the cost of our product and overhead costs may adversely affect our operating results. Although we do not believe that inflation has had a material impact on our financial position or results of operations to date, a high rate of inflation in the future may have an adverse effect on our ability to maintain current levels of gross margin and selling and general and administrative expenses as a percentage of total revenue if the selling prices of our products do not increase with these increased costs.

  

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ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including the principal executive and financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives.

 

In connection with the preparation of the quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2019, our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, which are defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Act is accumulated and communicated to the issuer’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Based on this evaluation, management concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2019.

 

Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes (including corrective actions with regard to material weakness) in our internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during the period covered by this report that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

For a description of legal proceedings, refer to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the SEC on March 15, 2019.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those in this report are described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the SEC on March 15, 2019.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

None.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

None.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

The following exhibits are filed as part of, or incorporated by reference into, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

Exhibit

 

31.1*   Certification of the Chief Executive Officer required by Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a).
     
31.2*   Certification of the Chief Financial Officer required by Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a).
     
32*   Certification of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer required by Rule 13a-14(b) or Rule 15d- 14(b) and 18 U.S.C. 1350.
     
101.INS*   XBRL INSTANCE DOCUMENT
     
101.SCH*   XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION SCHEMA DOCUMENT
     
101.CAL*   XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION CALCULATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
     
101.DEF*   XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION DEFINITION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
     
101.LAB*   XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION LABEL LINKBASE DOCUMENT
     
101.PRE*   XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION PRESENTATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT

 

*Filed herewith

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

  

  PINGTAN MARINE ENTERPRISE LTD.
  (Registrant)
     
Date: May 9, 2019 By: /s/ Xinrong Zhuo
    Xinrong Zhuo
    Chairman of the Board and
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
     
Date: May 9, 2019 By: /s/ Roy Yu
    Roy Yu
    Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

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